Warsaw – the seat of the Stock Exchange

Basic knowledge of the Warsaw Stock Exchange is necessary both to start your adventure with investing on the WSE and to understand the fundamental changes taking place in the Polish and global economy.

⏰ Stock Exchange [Warszawa, Polska]

  • Opening hours: Monday-Friday 9.00-17.00
  • Now: Open
  • Time left until closing: 03h 45m 28s
  • Nearest Closing: 2022-09-02 17:00:00
  • Time zone: Europe / Warsaw

The clock is for reference only. On public holidays – the stock exchange is closed.

Stock Exchange – purpose of operation

The Warsaw Stock Exchange is a public joint-stock company supervised by the Polish Financial Supervision Authority (KNF). The purpose of the WSE is to provide a system for buying and selling financial instruments admitted to trading.

The overriding task of the Warsaw Stock Exchange is to ensure that all investors have universal and equal access to market information when combining purchase and sale offers, as well as identical terms of purchase and sale of traded instruments.

In other words, the task of the WSE is to create a transparent, fair and comfortable environment in which investors, based on objective premises, can decide to buy or sell selected financial instruments.

The Warsaw Stock Exchange enables free and safe trading in a variety of financial instruments. However, it should be remembered that a large part of the offered instruments has nothing to do with real investments in companies listed on the stock exchange. What else should you know about the WSE?

The instruments offered by the WSE are available on several markets, the most important of which is the Main Market. Nevertheless, the WSE also operates a small companies market known as NewConnect and the Catalyst bond market, which has been operating since 2009. The most important instruments on the Main Market are:

  • shares and rights to shares,
  • ETFs (funds listed on the stock exchange),
  • structured products,
  • derivative instruments,
  • investment certificates.

Primary market and secondary market

It is also worth highlighting the difference between the primary and secondary markets. The investor is entitled to the instruments on both the first and the second market. Primary market transactions are when shares or bonds are purchased directly from the issuer. We have contact with such a situation, among others during the IPO (Initial Public Offering), ie during the initial public offering of the issuer. Transactions concluded on the secondary market consist in the purchase and sale of instruments offered by other investors.

Stock indices on the Warsaw Stock Exchange

Every beginner investor should know what they are and what the purpose of stock indices is. Stock indices are nothing more than a statistical measure that illustrates the valuation of stocks of companies included in the index. In other words, it is an excellent tool that allows you to check both the current state of the economic situation on the entire stock exchange and in individual sectors of the economy.

The most important Warsaw indices include:

The WIG index covers all companies listed on the Main Market. In turn, the WIG20 index relates to a portfolio of shares of the 20 largest and most liquid shares. The situation is similar in the case of mWIG40 and sWIG80, with the proviso that companies may only belong to one of these three indices. In addition to the main indices on the WSE, several dozen others can be distinguished.

Schedule of the WSE trading session

Hour Session phase
08:30 – 09:00 Before opening
09:00 Openly
09:00 – 16:50 Session
4:50 pm – 5:00 pm Before close
5:00 p.m. Close
5:00 p.m. – 5:05 p.m. Overtime
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