During the pandemic, many people lost their jobs. Not everyone managed to adapt to the new conditions. The most difficult situation has arisen among people who do not have their own housing – rent has become a problem, it is really difficult to solve it. Despite the fact that specific problems for people are different, they can be summed up under a common denominator.
Magazine Reconomica talked to people who lost their jobs during the pandemic. They talked about their past work, looking for a part-time job and the reasons why they look to the future without much optimism.
Lost my job in April – I am still interrupted by part-time jobs
My name is Vladimir, I am 23 years old, I live in Vladivostok. Before the pandemic, I worked as a waiter in a cafe. The establishment is small, there were always not very many guests, but the salary was paid on time. I received 25-30 thousand rubles a month – it all depended on the number of shifts. This money was enough for me. I paid 10 thousand for renting a room, everything else I could spend on myself.
As soon as the pandemic began, the cafe staff were told that we were all going on vacation. How much is unknown. Of course, almost everyone worked unofficially, so we were not entitled to any payments.
Moving to parents
I tried to find a new job, but it is almost impossible task. There are almost no vacancies. A lot of people apply for those that exist. After 2 weeks of searching, I realized that I could not rent an apartment – there was nothing to pay with. Then he decided to return to his native Ussuriisk to his parents.
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In a small town there is even less work, but at least there is no need to pay for housing. Then he got a job as a loader. I get paid 150 rubles per hour of work, I work 30 hours a week. Usually we are ordered for moving and garbage collection.
What to do next? – I do not know! The plans were to recover at the university and finish their studies, but now there is no money even to return to Vladivostok. I look forward to the recovery of the labor market.
Fired and underpaid – the norm for a pandemic
My name is Alina, I am 31 years old, all my life I have lived in Vladivostok. Before the outbreak of the pandemic, I worked as a music teacher – teaching children to play the piano. I really liked the private center, where I received more than 50 thousand rubles a month. The work was a pleasure, the salary was paid on time, the bosses were happy. However, in April the first bells went off – my number of classes dropped sharply. For several months I received 25 thousand a month – that is, only a salary.
In August, I was informed that the center was closing. It so happened that I should have received 14 thousand before dismissal, but only 6 thousand were transferred to me. They said they would transfer the rest later. I’m still waiting.
From musician to cashier
After being fired, I realized that finding a new job is almost impossible. Moreover, according to the old profile. I constantly studied vacancies, looked for at least something. As a result, I got a job as a cashier in a supermarket. I get 22 thousand a month, I’m tired. Of course, I absolutely do not like this work, but there is no other way out. I need to support my daughter, whom I am raising alone.
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What will the pandemic lead to?
Already now, people whose professions were related to entertainment or creativity are forced to look for a new job. We risk losing entire industries and turning young people away from them. Adepts of the Soviet economy can endlessly talk about the fact that the factories are down, and the young people are doing something incomprehensible. However, everything we get from the death of industries will throw the country back to the times of the late USSR.
The factories are not down because young people are not able to do anything. Factories are down because they produce goods that no one wants. So why produce it? For the sake of people going to the factory and “becoming men”?
Entertainment, creativity, information – that on which the post-industrial economy rests. There is nothing wrong with Russia remaining in the industrial world, but only on the condition that Russian production is profitable. However, the closure of production facilities suggests otherwise.
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But the pandemic is destroying exactly those industries that could propel the country forward. This process can be compared with the last years before “perestroika”, when the profitability of production was low, and a huge number of enterprises existed at a loss covered by the state. Such a model can only lead to the destruction of the economic system.
It is quite possible that 2021 will become something like 1985. When decisions are made not of their own free will, but because otherwise they will not survive. Only in 1985 it was too late.