After several years of living in the EU as a residence permit, a native of another country often obtains the right to obtain permanent residence status. It should be understood, however, that permanent residence status is usually tied to a specific country. In the responses of International Business (https://pravdatut.com/31690/international-business), clients claim that, according to European law, any EU resident with permanent residence status has the right to move to any other country within the Eurozone.
The article Reconomica I will try to consider this issue in detail.
I have the right to permanent residence in one country – can I move to another?
Yes, but a number of restrictions apply:
- The only exceptions are Denmark, Great Britain and Ireland, which have not signed the law on the equalization of EU residents (moving to these countries is carried out on standard conditions – obtaining a permit, staying for a certain time, obtaining a residence permit, and so on).
- Moving to another country does not give all the rights that are available to other EU residents. For example, a person with permanent residence status does not have the right to be elected to parliament or hold any public office.
What relocation conditions must be met?
It should also be noted that the move must meet a number of requirements – otherwise the person may be returned back to the EU country from which he arrived. Highlights:
- After moving to another country, a person is given 3 months to obtain permanent residence status in a new country. To do this, he needs to visit the migration authorities and write a petition. In some cases, it is allowed to submit an application even before moving (it all depends on local legislation – you can clarify the nuances at the consulate).
- A person must prove financial viability for himself and his family. At the same time, the level of wealth depends not only on local legislation, but also on the purpose of the move. If a person moves to study or work, then the requirements will be less stringent. Whereas in the case of moving “for other purposes” (the term of the EU legislation), the requirements may be more stringent.
- A moving person is obliged to issue an insurance policy for himself and all family members he supports. The insurance is issued directly on the spot and it must meet the conditions of local legislation.
Can they refuse to move?
In some cases, the granting of permanent residence status in the new state may be refused. Let’s list these situations:
- A person poses a threat to security and law and order. If you have any offenses, you may be denied entry. It should be noted that mainly crimes of medium and high severity (and not any) fall under the ban.
- Public health threat. If a person is sick with any dangerous disease that is easily tolerated and poses a health hazard, then such a person may also be denied the right to enter. The list of diseases is usually determined by a special WHO directive, which is constantly being reviewed.
However, please note that the health restriction only applies if the person falls ill in the first country. For example, if you moved to another country healthy, and then fell ill with a dangerous disease in it, then you cannot refuse entry on the basis of an infectious disease.
What rights will I have in another country?
After the submission of the application, the receiving state has 4 months to consider it and make a decision. In case of a positive decision, a person receives a standard set of rights:
- Job. A person can freely choose a job, and employment is carried out on standard terms. In addition, a person receives the right to vacation, fair working conditions, social guarantees, and so on. The only exception to this rule is that a permanent residence citizen does not have the right to hold public office.
- Education. A person has the right to study at any university in the host state. He is also eligible for a scholarship, material assistance, and so on.
- Social protection. Also, a person gets the right to receive state benefits in case of loss of work, and its amount is determined on the basis of general rules.
- A person also has all other basic rights – to strike or organize a trade union, to carry out entrepreneurial activities, to move around all cities of the country, and so on.
However, it should be understood that the legislation on permanent residence allows the host country to impose some minor restrictions on people entering. For example, to enter Italy, you will need to pass an examination for knowledge of the Italian language – otherwise you will not receive the status.